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In the Centre and in the South, the slopes are usually slight, but the topography is diverse. Twice a month, we'll tell the story of a European farmer succeeding with agroecology. “It must actively promote agroforestry with high natural value through investments that respect the principle of ‘public money for public goods’ and simultaneously benefit the farmers, the quality of the products and of the food produced.”. Agriculture in Portugal: Food, development and sustainability (1870-2010) The project unfolds in three parts. Portugal’s long coastline and the abundance of fish in the surrounding waters have favoured the development of the fishing industry. It also provides a diversity of potential financial revenues for the farmer, improving economic resilience,” says Eduardo Santos, a conservation biologist with Portuguese EEB member Liga para a Protecção da Natureza (LPN). In terms of animal farming, Portugal is well known its beef meat. However, agriculture is much more important in terms of area occupied (farmland and forest land c… Form is being submitted, please wait a bit. Suppliers, Distributors, Manufacturers, Importer. Agriculture is a part of the Portuguese essence. One brings together the main economic and social indicators, related to agricultural goods, broken down […] Olive oil, wine, fruits, vegetables and many other products that are valued in international markets. When it comes to soil, trees function as wind breaks that reduce wind erosion. The basin of the Tejo river is dominated by Podzols, on the left side, and Luvisols and Cambisols, on the right side. Most traditions and large parts of the culture are based on agriculture and primary sector processes. Agriculture in Portugal. I'm especially interested in... (optional), Health: Air Quality, Chemicals, Industry and Pollution, Circular Economy: Products, Waste and Resources, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Keep up to date with environmental issues in Europe. wine is the most important product, representing more than 700 million euros in 2014, other horticulture products, with around 200 million euros. Both because they provide shadow which cools the local micro climate, thereby decreasing evaporation, and because they enhance the water retention capacity of soils, as described above. The West side is near the sea. The extent of cooperative organisation has been reaching a greater importance with globalization.Portugal produces a wide variety of crops and livestock products. The proximity to Lisbon is also important, making this region one of the most competitive to produce fruits and vegetables. Soil and agriculture in Portugal - EIP-AGRI. Agroforestry is not agroecological by default, but it is in many ways a natural part of agroecological farming because of the many advantages trees bring to a farm. Asger works with EEB’s projects on climate change mitigation in the agricultural sector and has previously worked with agroforestry in the Danish organic agriculture organisation, Organic Denmark. The Alqueva project – 170 thousand ha of irrigated land – has made this region a new “Eldorado” for agriculture in Portugal. The figure below shows this very clearly. GDP From Agriculture in Portugal averaged 936.77 EUR Million from 1995 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 1034.80 EUR Million in the second quarter of 1996 and a record low of 879.80 EUR Million in the second quarter of 2001. The most of the “large” irrigation schemes, All rights reserved © With more than 100.000 ha, is corn, a crop used mainly for domestic consumption and almost non-existent in exports figures. Integrating trees means increasing the complexity of the farming system, as knowing which trees to plant where and when to get the desired environmental benefits while producing plenty of crops is no simple task. The CAP is being reformed, however, and with agroforestry increasingly recognised as a valuable approach, these eligibility rules should change. in the North, the slopes are steep. Another essential question is the necessary access to specialised knowledge. Agroecology: Farming for a better future? In the 90s, the Alqueva dam was finally finished, developing the largest artificial lake in Western Europe and creating a potential to irrigate 170 thousand hectares. The site features a restaurant, an open library, an eco-hostel and a solar cell park. A good example of vibrant agroforestry production is present on the plains of Alentejo, Portugal. This website uses cookies to provide data and improve the user experience. When the project is concluded, in about three years, the area with irrigation infrastructure in Alqueva will be about the same as the sum of the area in all the other public irrigation schemes in the country! The landscape is dominated by forest and most of the properties are very small (less than 1 ha). There have been numerous investments made in this area, and besides that, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development in Portugal sustained a part of the farmers who suffered from fires in 2017 with approximately EUR 38 million which were paid this year. In the west (Oeste) region and the Tejo valley (Ribatejo), respectively North and Northeast of Lisbon, there are thousands of hectares of plains with good soils that have been irrigated for many years. Statistics Portugal (Instituto Nacional de Estatística) - Agriculture Census Notes ↑ A value calculated over the total number of active people aged 15 to 64, as it is reported by the 4th quarter 2009 of the EU Labour force survey (LFS) Population by sex, age, nationality and labour status (1 000) . During the first four months of this year, the cooperative planted more than 20,000 new trees, divided amongst 15 mostly native species. In addition, EU countries will have the option to set up schemes to support farmers who decide to embark on the agroforestry journey. Agriculture, forestry, and fishing employed 17.8 percent of Portugal's labor force but accounted for only 6.2 percent of GDP in 1990. Agriculture in Portugal. *Agriculture in Portugal Higher education, research and development, healthcare, information technologies, biotechnology, forestry, agriculture, fishing, and tourism industries are all major industries in the region. By using it, you agree to our use of cookies. 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